Municipal mayor, vice mayor, councilor in the Philippines

What powers do you grant, what responsibilities and services should you expect when electing a mayor, deputy mayor and city councilor?

Municipal mayor

Mandate
  • 3 years from June 30 at noon following polling day
  • Can be elected for a maximum of 3 consecutive terms
Qualifications
  • Filipino citizen
  • At least 21 years old on polling day
  • Voter registered in the municipality where he intends to be elected
  • Resident of the municipality where he intends to be elected for at least 1 year before polling day
  • Able to read and write in Filipino or any other local language or dialect
Duties and Responsibilities
  • Oversee all municipal government programs, projects, services and activities
  • Apply all laws and ordinances relating to the governance of the municipality and the exercise of its corporate powers
  • Initiate and maximize the generation of resources and income
  • Ensure the provision of basic services and the provision of adequate facilities

Source: Local government code of 1991

Municipal vice-mayor

Mandate
  • 3 years from June 30 at noon following polling day
  • Can be elected for a maximum of 3 consecutive terms
Qualifications
  • Filipino citizen
  • At least 21 years old on polling day
  • Voter registered in the municipality where he intends to be elected
  • Resident of the municipality where he intends to be elected for at least 1 year before polling day
  • Able to read and write in Filipino or any other local language or dialect
Powers and Responsibilities
  • Chair the sangguniang bayan (municipal council) and sign the warrants for the expenses allocated to its operation
  • Appoint officials and employees of sangguniang bayan, with the exceptions provided for in the Local Government Code
  • Assume the town hall in the event of a permanent vacancy
  • Exercise the powers and fulfill the duties and functions of the municipal mayor in the event of a temporary vacancy

Source: Local government code of 1991

Member of Sangguniang Bayan (City Council)

Mandate
  • 3 years from June 30 at noon following polling day
  • Can be elected for a maximum of 3 consecutive terms
Qualifications
  • Filipino citizen
  • At least 18 years old on polling day
  • Voter registered in the constituency in which he intends to be elected
  • Resident of the district where he intends to be elected for at least 1 year before polling day
  • Able to read and write in Filipino or any other local language or dialect
Composition of the Municipal Council
  • Municipal vice-mayor, who exercises the functions of president
  • Regular Board Members
  • President of the municipal chapter of La Liga ng mga Barangay
  • President of the pambayang pederasyon ng mga Sangguniang Kabataan
  • 3 sector representatives: 1 among women, 1 among agricultural or industrial workers and 1 among the following people: urban poor, indigenous peoples, disabled people

Powers and Responsibilities

  • Approve ordinances and pass resolutions for efficient and effective municipal administration
  • Generate and maximize resources and revenues for development plans, program objectives and municipality priorities
  • Grant franchises, issue ordinances authorizing the issuance of permits or licenses, issue ordinances levying taxes, fees and charges
  • Regulate activities related to the use of land, buildings and structures within the municipality
  • Approve orders ensuring the effective and efficient delivery of basic services and facilities

Source: Local government code of 1991

Searched by Loreben Tuquero / Rappler.com

Read the other articles in this series:

Beverly W. Casarez