Project to “transform” CO2 from municipal waste into aviation fuel in Portugal

One of the first synthetic eFuel production units in Europe could be implemented at LIPOR’s energy recovery plant near Porto, Portugal.

An interdisciplinary consortium, formed by LIPOR (Intermunicipal Waste Management of Greater Porto), P2X Europe and Veolia is launching feasibility studies for a fully integrated Power-to-Liquid (PtL) installation on an industrial scale at the waste recovery plant. Maia Energy (Waste-to-Liquid-Energy, WtE).

The project will enable the production of synthetic eFuel for the aviation industry from CO2 captured from the waste gas stream of the WtE plant combined with green hydrogen.

In a first phase, up to 100,000 tons of captured biogenic CO2 will be recycled to be converted into eFuels and ultimately transformed into synthetic ecological end products, such as eKerosene, eDiesel and specialty chemicals.

This project provides a good example of how waste management systems can make a relevant contribution to the decarbonization of the economy and to carbon neutrality.

The envisaged implementation of carbon capture and utilization (CCU) in the LIPOR energy recovery plant consists of capturing, extracting and purifying the biogenic part of CO2, present in approximately 60% of the emissions of carbon dioxide generated as a result of the incineration process.

As part of the PtL project, CCU technology can be integrated into the existing energy recovery plant, which will result in electricity generation with near zero or even negative CO2 emissions, thus considerably improving environmental balance sheets. and energy from the incineration of municipal waste, according to the consortium. .

He says the initiative is “a decisive strategic step” for LIPOR in achieving its mission of transforming municipal waste into new resources through the implementation of innovative and circular practices.

Carbon neutral

It said in a statement: “It marks an important step in the WtE industry by moving away from the linear ‘take-make-use-throw away’ model and offers a revolutionary alternative to accelerate the global transition to a credible circular economy, which is fully in line with Portugal’s energy and climate policies and the country’s ambition to achieve carbon neutrality no later than 2050.”

José Manuel Ribeiro, President of LIPOR, said: “This project gives a good example of how waste management systems can make a relevant contribution to the decarbonisation of the economy and to carbon neutrality.

“And more than contribute, they can lead, paving the way for innovative projects like the one we are going to implement and which will also help position Portugal among the first countries to invest in the circular carbon economy.”

By capturing CO2 from the waste gas stream before releasing it into the atmosphere, the “Waste-to-Jet” project gives non-recyclable municipal waste a climate-friendly afterlife.

José de Melo Bandeira, CEO of Veolia Portugal added: “Carbon capture technologies are part of the journey towards the decarbonization of our industrial processes. Reducing or eliminating greenhouse gas emissions has its own limitations, which is why the capture, storage or use of these gases is critical to achieving successful global outcomes.

“This project is a great example of collaboration between different industry players for green transformation, towards innovative and challenging solutions that will set a benchmark and hopefully inspire others to follow.”

Christoph Weber, Co-CEO of P2X Europe added: “By capturing CO2 from the waste gas stream before releasing it into the atmosphere, the ‘Waste-to-Jet’ project gives non-recyclable municipal waste an afterlife. climate-friendly death. The integration of PtL technology into existing WtE plants provides a unique solution for the simultaneous decarbonization of waste management and air transport.

Melissa C. Keyes